The Fundamental Principles & The Supreme Authority of the Olympic Movement
put the first conception of the modern Olympic Movement, according to his initiative, the International Sports Conference was held in June 1894, in Paris, after which the IOC was established on 23rd of June, 1894.
The Olympic Movement represents the life philosophy, which glorifies body, will & mind of human being, within this concept, the Olympic movement mixed sport with education & culture, for creating sport, based on the educational value & moral principles.
The aim of the Olympic Movement is to put sport in the service of human development in which peace can prevail the society, according to this principle the Olympic movement, by itself or in cooperation with other organizations, encourages the initiatives of spreading peace among the societies.
The Olympic Movement, under the leadership of IOC, derives its constituents from the modern Olympic concept.
The Olympic Movement gathers all the sports organizations, athletes & people who are pleased to work according to the Olympic Charter, under the umbrella of the IOC, because the fundamental criterion for joining the Olympic Movement is to get the recognition from IOC, as the process of organizing & managing sports should be implemented by independent sports organizations that are recognized by IOC.
The aim of the Olympic Movement is to contribute to building a world prevailed by peace through teaching youth to practice sport without any discrimination within the frame of Olympic spirit that requires a mutual understanding in environment includes friendship, solidarity & fair play.
The Activity of the Olympic Movement is considered an International activity, the logo of the Olympic Movement consists of five interlaced rings, which symbolize the five continents that are joined & meet together in an International festival, which is known as the Olympic Games.
Practicing sport is considered one of the human rights, so every individual has the right to practice sport according to his needs.
The Olympic Charter is regarded as the reference for all statutes, rules & principles that the IOC approved.
The Highest Authority:
The IOC is considered the highest authority in the Olympic Movement.
Every organization & person, affiliated to the Olympic Movement, should comply with the provisions of the Olympic Charter and the IOC’s decisions.
The Olympic Flag:
The Olympic flag consists of a white flag with five interlaced rings on it, the above three rings are blue, black & red, then the below two rings are yellow & green.
Mr. Pierre de Coubertin explained the colors of the rings as follows:
The blue ring stands for Europe
The black ring stands for Africa
The red ring stands for America
The green ring stands for Oceania
The yellow ring stands for Asia
The Olympic Oath:
According to the article. No. (395) of the Olympic charter, one of the host country’s athletes of the Olympic Games, should ascend the platform while holding the Olympic flag with the left hand then raise the right hand & recite the following oath: (In the name of all competitors, I promise that we shall take part in these Olympic Games, respecting and abiding by the rules that govern them, in the true spirit of sportsmanship, for the glory of sport and the honor of our teams).
After the athletes’ oath, it is followed by the oath of the judges in the same way where one of them recites the following: (In the name of all the judges and officials, I promise that we shall officiate in these Olympic Games with complete impartiality, respecting and abiding by the rules which govern them in the true spirit of sportsmanship).
The Olympic Torch:
The Olympic Torch is ignited officially, before the start of the Olympic Games, on the top of the Olympus Mountain in Greece in the same old archaeological site of the Olympic Games, this ceremony was common in the ancient Olympic Games as a ritual performance. The reusing of the Olympic Torch started in 1936, upon the request of Germany for reviving this ceremony, the Greek athlete, Constantine Kondes, was chosen to hold the Olympic Torch at that time.